The Different Types of Adhesives, Aerosols, Coatings & Lubricants

The different types of adhesives, aerosols, coatings, and lubricants are used in various manufacturing processes. Adhesives offer a simple and effective way to hold things together so they can be moved with little risk of tearing or crushing them. Aerosol paints are ideal for a fast, high-quality finish on things that need extra protection against moisture, while fluorocarbons provide adequate protection and easy application.

Types of Adhesives

There are various types of adhesives. The following is a list of the commonly used types of adhesives.

Solvent-Based Adhesives

Solvent-based adhesives are used to bond sheets of steel to form composite panels. They have good adhesion, mechanical properties, and strength. Some solvent-based adhesives contain touch-drying glues that cure through a heat transfer and need air for curing. Solvent-based adhesives have improved stiffness and strength over traditional urethane adhesive systems.

UV-Cured Glues

UV-cured adhesives are often used in industrial construction and by rubber products manufacturers for bonding, sealing, and joining of sheets. UV-curing makes it possible to use materials that were not able to withstand heat under a hot-melt glue application. These adhesives properties include, room temperature to room temperature curing, and even below room temperature curing with the addition of a heating plate. For example, after application, the UV-cured glue is cured by high-pressure lamps (hot air lamps) or a special conveyor system, which results in a tight bond between layers and substrate, including a low coefficient of friction, low wear rate, and lower requirements compared with traditional hot melt adhesives.

Hot Tack Glues

Hot tack glues are the premier industrial adhesives for high-performance projects. These adhesives are typically used in industrial and automotive environments where product manufacturing and installation depend on superfast welding techniques. Hot tack glues are made from a base, activator, and hardener that create a bonding solution at least as strong as epoxy with superior heat resistance, improved durability over time, and compatibility with metal, plastics, and leather.

Polyester Polyurethane Adhesives

Polyester polyurethane adhesives are a new polymer technology that combines long-term adherence with a fast cure. The polymer chains in this type of adhesive are highly cross-linked, so they can absorb a large amount of water and then regain their original dimensional shape while curing almost instantaneously. With this type of gel structure, these adhesives display deficient moisture absorption compared to traditional water-based elastomeric adhesives.

Types of Aerosols

Aerosols are applied to various industries. They come in four types.

Gaseous Aerosols

Gaseous aerosol products are generated by heating a gas to produce a free stream of gas as it cools, allowing the product to be sprayed and flow through an atomizing nozzle. Some gasses are used, including oxygen. Gaseous aerosols are used for dust suppression, fire and smoke control, sterilization, insect control, chemical and biological warfare defense, pest elimination, sanitation, and clean-up operations. Gaseous aerosols can also mask offensive odors in confined spaces or outdoors where other forms of pollution removal are impossible.

Open-Air Aerosols

Open-air aerosols are vital industrial supplies, as they are often used in the food and beverage industry, environment, printing ink, and pharmaceuticals. Aerosol spray cans produce a mixture of solvent/inert propellant with colorants and additives. Oil-based substances like petroleum distillates, butane, propane, and other gasses are used as propellants.

Solid Aerosols

Solid aerosols are used in industries because they are less expensive than their liquid counterparts. They can be produced relatively quickly, and they can be transported easily by air. However, solid aerosols come with several disadvantages as well. For example, they can only be made at very-low pressures, so they are not very good at trapping molecules. They may also clog up pipes and ventilation systems, making them less efficient than their liquid counterparts.

Liquid Aerosols

Liquid aerosols are a great alternative to solid aerosol formulations due to their reduced fire and explosion risks, low-pressure drop requirements, and cost-effectiveness. Control of chemical processes and product quality can be enhanced using liquid aerosols. Liquid aerosols are used as chemical agents in many industrial and food manufacturing applications, such as paints, inkjet printing inks, cosmetics and personal care products, plastics, and coatings.

Types of Industrial Coatings and Lubricants

Coatings and lubricants are used in various manufacturing industries to help prevent wear and tear of machinery and products. The four main types of industrial coatings and lubricants include:

Water-Based Coating

Water-based coatings and lubricants provide a smooth, durable, and slip-resistant surface. These products include oil-based, latex, and water-based elastomers, and are often used to build up parts in machines or as part of garment production to prevent friction damage. Water-based coatings and lubricants have the property of being able to disperse in water (pouring) or dissolve in it easily. Therefore, they are also called non-volatile oils or mineral oil substitutes.

Emulsified Oil Coating

The emulsified oil coating is a relatively high viscosity, under-temperature pooling type of lubricant. Emulsified oil coating has a unique property that protects against damaging the bearings and the wear-in of the bearing itself.

Fluoroelastomers Coating

Fluoroelastomer coatings are the high-performance hybrid of oils and fluoroelastomer (FLEXO) materials, combining highly viscous fluids and improved resistance to aging, friction, and heat. These properties make them ideal for harvester equipment and high-performance applications such as automotive interior, brake, and cockpit applications. They can be designed with different hardness and modulus profiles, have a range of properties from lubricious to soft and have good low-temperature properties.

Vegetative Oils Lubricants

Vegetative oils are a type of lubrication that coats a machine’s threads or other moving parts. They are also used as fuel for internal combustion engines and as a lubricant for industrial machinery. Vegetative oils contain high levels of waxes, such as carnauba wax, paraffin wax, and mixtures. Vegetative oils may contain fatty acids from vegetable sources such as palm kernel and coconut oil. Other vegetative oils have been developed to meet specific applications, including heavy-duty applications in industrial equipment or automotive use. Vegetative oils typically consist of a base oil blended with additives depending on their intended use.

It is essential to seek help from reputable distributors of aerosols, adhesives, coatings, and lubricants. The distributors will guide buyers on how to get the best products suitable for their needs.

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